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(Italiano) Corchorus olitorius. Jute plants (Corchorus olitorius and Corchorus capsularis)The jute plant needs a plain alluvial soil and standing water. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. Names of Corchorus Capsularis in various languages of the world are also given. Cultivated annual herb with linear-lanceolate to ovate-lanceolate, serrate leaves, with setaceous basal auricles; flowers in 1-2 together, yellow, up to 10 mm across; fruit depressed globose with scabrous ridges. A new triterpine glycosides (capsin) and capsugenin 30-O-glucopyranoside were isolated from the leaves of Corchorus capsularis … Protein knowledgebase. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. Genet Resour Crop Evol (2016) 63:1103–1111 1111. Others point out that there is a greater genetic variation in Africa and a larger number of wild species in the genus Corchorus. List of various diseases cured by Corchorus Capsularis. Corchorus a genus of plants of the family Tiliaceae. The center of origin of white jute is said to be Indo-Burma including South China, and that of tossa Africa. It has a mucilaginous (somewhat "slimy") texture, similar to okra, when cooked. Origin C. olitorius o Primary origin – Africa o Secondary origin – India C. capsularis o Indo-Burma . Help. Son nom est parfois orthographié « corette » ou « corette potagère ». The jute cultivation in every district of Bengal is spoken of as of modern origin. Corchorus capsularis L., Sp. Jute (Corchorus capsularis and C.olitorius) ranks second in importance, next to cotton as a natural fibre and occupies important place in Indian economy. The seeds are used as a flavouring, and a herbal tea is made from the dried leaves. The following article is from The Great Soviet Encyclopedia (1979). In developing countries, the leaves are used as a medicine and also as food. is a bast (phloem) fiber plant in the Malvaceae family (previously, the Tiliaceae), which is second in importance to cotton for natural fiber production.Although there are more than 100 species in the genus Corchorus, two diploid (2n = 14) species, white jute (C. capsularis) and dark jute (C. olitorius), are cultivated as crops. Corchorus olitorius (L.) is one of the main crops for fibre production, cultivated in tropical and subtropical environments, from Africa to Japan, across the Middle East and India. There are up to 40 species growing in the tropical regions of Asia, Africa, America, and Australia. The nine Corchorus Origins of white ( Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark ( C. olitorius L.) jute: a reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites | SpringerLink Origin and Area of cultivation: Jute is derived from the two cultivated species Corchorus capsularis Colittorius is of African origin whereas C. Capsularis, is believed to Indo- Burmaese origin. The seeds are used as a condiment and herbal teas are made from the leaves. Primary center of origin and diversity of the wild taxa of Corchorus appears to be Africa. It might be outdated or ideologically biased. 123. 529. Jute fiber is manufactured mostly from two commercially important species, namely White Jute (Corchours capsularis), and Tossa Jute (Corchorus olitorius). Sequence archive. Origin and growing area. Un autre nom … Origins of white (Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark (C. olitorius L.) jute: a reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites Login | Create Account: Home About Us Browse by Year Browse by Subject Browse by Fellow Latest Items Advanced Search Submission Guidelines Repository Policies IRStats Help Contact Us. The centre origin of Corchorus capsularis is the Indo-Burman region, including southern China and Southeast Asia. Corchorus capsularis (White jute). 2. Some foreign varieties of Corchorus capsularis like Halmahera, Jap Red and Jap G, unlike the Indian varieties, do not usually branch, as the axillary buds are normally absent in the axils of the leaves. In one district its introduction is fixed at 1872, in another at 1865, in a third before the date of the British rule and in a fourth it is put down at 500 years ago. The study also showed that the organelle genetic groups of jute can be used to trace the parentage of modern Indian jute cultivars to one or two landraces cultivated in India about hundred years ago. In Southeast Asia cultivation as a fibre plant mainly occurs in Burma (Myanmar), Thailand and Vietnam. Origins of white (Corchorus capsularis L.) and dark (C. olitorius L.) jute: A reevaluation based on nuclear and chloroplast microsatellites . The genus Corchorus belongs to the family Malvaceae (formerly Tiliaceae) and is distributed throughout the tropical and subtropical regions of the world. 1. UniProtKB. It is an important cultivated commercial crop in Gangetic plains of India and Bangladesh. Leaves of Corchorus capsularis contained flavonoids, triterpenes, saponins, glucoside, capsularin which seems to be related to corchorin and steroids. Corchorus olitorius is used mainly in the cuisines of southern Asia, the Middle East, North Africa and West Africa, Corchorus capsularis in Japan and China. Flickr photos, groups, and tags related to the "Corchorus capsularis" Flickr tag. How Corchorus Capsularis is effective for various diseases is listed in repertory format. It is unclear whether Corchorus olitorius originated in Africa or in Asia. The base number of chromosomes in almost all the species of Corchorus is 7 (2n = 2x = 14).). Help pages, FAQs, UniProtKB manual, documents, news archive and Biocuration projects. The results demonstrate that the range of total flavonoids and polyphenols was 3.04 to 13.66 mg rutin equivalent (RE)/g and 5.12 to 7.78 mg gallic acid equivalent (GAE)/g DW, respectively. BRANCHING characteristics of the vast majority of plants are not a desirable character in a fibre crop like jute. Abstract. Plant. Abstract. C. capsularis is a member of the Malvaceae family. Botanical Description. It is an annual erect herbaceous plant measures 1-2.5 m tall (up to 4 m in cultivation). Crops 3:10–14. We could not support an Indo-Myanmar origin of white jute, and possibly it also originated in Africa, but was domesticated in Asia. x; UniProtKB. Corchorus capsularis: Origin: Originated in China but is now grown in Bangladesh and India, and found spread across much of tropical Africa: Shapes : Many seeded globose to globose-obovoid capsules, about 1 centimeter in diameter: Taste: Bitter: Health benefits: Beneficial for dysentery, fevers, dyspepsia liver disorders and helps to increase appetite. Furthermore, FISH using the pachytene comple- Cultivated jute (Corchorus olitorius and C. capsularis; 2n = 14) ment provides information on the physical location of DNA produces vegetable fibres of commercial value that are mostly sequences. Crop Evol ( 2016 ) 63:1103–1111 1111 Biocuration projects the hibiscus, or mallow, family Malvaceae. 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