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Knowledge of language can help. Citizens of the following former Portuguese colonies are entitled to Portuguese citizenship if they were born during the period of Portuguese rule: Those from Portuguese India and Macao who are descendants of those born under the period of Portuguese rule are also entitled to apply for Portuguese citizenship. You can gain Portuguese citizenship through marriage after three years of marriage to a Portuguese citizen or three years of legally recognised cohabitation. The applicant must also speak some Portuguese. Something went wrong while submitting the form. Under the Portuguese Nationality Law number 37/81, citizenship is based on the principle of ius sanguinis, although with this new amendment there are changes towards the principle of ius soli that facilitate the access to citizenship based on this principle, and can be acquired through descent, marriage or naturalisation. Both are able to: However, there are additional Portuguese citizenship benefits, such as allowing you to: However, the Portuguese citizenship application is more demanding than obtaining permanent residence, and Portuguese passport costs are typically higher. If you are a foreign resident and you want to become a Portuguese citizen, you must have lived in Portugal for six years, including one year with permanent residency. - Note: In the case of a marriage with a minimum duration of six years, the absence of an effective connection to the Portuguese community does not constitute basis of oposition; Birth Certificate of your Portuguese spouse, with the annotation of your marriage. (see table 2) Table 3: Thirty main countries of previous citizenship, 2018 Source: Eurostat . When creating the list of the easiest automatic citizenship to obtain by marriage, we made a comparison of legal frameworks concerning the acquirement of dual citizenship in countries. The Law Office works closely with Portuguese Registries Office - Conservatoria dos Registos Centrais, Conservatoria dos Registos Civis and other smaller and peripherical locations where registries are also achieved. Avenida António Augusto de Aguiar, N. 183 1º Esq1050-014, Lisboa, Portugal. You may change your settings at any time. ** In case of cohabitation, after action of recognition of this situation to be filed in the civil court. In general, people acquire Portuguese citizenship in one of three ways: wish-effect, adoption, or naturalization. Previously, the law established that a partner could only apply for Portuguese citizenship after being married for 3 years or in a civil union or if they had relevant ties with Portugal. Acquiring Portuguese citizenship differs depending on whether you are from an EU/EFTA country or from outside the EU. Portugal does allow gay marriage (and has done since 2010) and all requirements are identical for same-sex partners. An application for naturalisation can be submitted by anyone over the age of 18; parents of minors must submit the application on their behalf. The process doesn’t even require you to actually spend time on Portuguese soil, meaning you could live overseas with a Portuguese spouse and still qualify. Appointment (In-person at the Consulate), also if you need help in preparing your application and authenticating documents. In life, the applicant may submit the application in person. There are 5 main ways to become a Portuguese citizen: by descent, by marriage, by investment, by naturalisation or for being a Sephardi Jew. If you are married to a Portuguese citizen. Portuguese of origin is a Portuguese Citizen born in Portugal or abroad when being son or grandson of Portuguese Citizen of origin. There are several initiatives, however, to procure special rights for UK citizens already living abroad. Portugal allows dual citizenship, allowing foreigners to gain Portuguese nationality without having to give up the citizenship of their home country. There’s no residency requirement, although you need to prove a connection to the Portuguese community. If an application is dismissed at the outset, however, you will be informed within 20 days. You have to prove that one parent or grandparent is Portuguese, and that means birth certificates, marriage licenses, and any supporting materials. This site uses functional cookies and external scripts to improve your experience. Click below to consent to the use of this technology on our website – and don’t worry, we respect your privacy. I am an American citizen. However, written consent of both parents is required for those aged under 18. Citizenship by marriage or non-marital partnership Nationality The foreigner married or living in a non-marital partnership with a Portuguese citizen for at least three years can obtain Portuguese nationality during that union, provided that none of the circumstances which are grounds for opposing the acquisition of nationality is verified. There is no requirement to have had any prior period of residence in Portugal although the applicant is required to provide documents proving an effective connection to the Portuguese community. The ceremony, whether civil or Catholic, will be conducted in Portuguese. As in most countries, one can acquire citizenship through marriage to a Portuguese citizen. Thank you! Conditions apply and it is advisable to seek advice from a Civil Registry Office in Portugal. During this five-year period, it is not necessary to live continuously in the country. Who can apply for Portuguese citizenship? Once citizenship is acquired, passport applications are handled by SEF, although the application may be submitted at a Citizen… However, while the process is often easier on foreigner spouses, naturalization does require you to learn some of … The first stage in this process is getting a temporary residence permit for five years and then you can opt for a permanent residency. Descendants of Portuguese Sephardic Jews expelled from Portugal in the 16th century can acquire Portuguese Sephardic citizenship if they can demonstrate belonging to a Sephardic community of Portuguese origin. citizenship through naturalization: this is a commonly used method by all those who legally reside in the country for a number of years.. citizenship through marriage: after marriage with a national for a number of years, foreigners can acquire Portuguese citizenship.. citizenship by adoption: an option for minors who can acquire citizenship if they are adopted by a Portuguese national. Jewish Law of Return. In the case of Luxembourg, Portuguese citizens accounted for the largest share, followed by French, Italian and Belgian citizens, in the case of Hungary EU nationals acquiring citizenship were almost exclusively Romanians. Portuguese citizenship grants the right to settle, work, and study in all EU countries and allows visa-free or visa-on-arrival access to 186 destinations worldwide. If you are married to a Portuguese citizen. Among other options, a person might apply for Portuguese nationality in case of marriage or civil union with a Portuguese citizen - a civil union occurs when a couple is not married but living in similiar conditions to the ones in which a married couple would, namely by sharing a house and living in it. There are different conditions if you are joining someone who is from the European Union, European Economic Area (EEA – Iceland, Norway, and Liechtenstein) or Switzerland, than if you are joining someone from outside the EU. Portuguese citizenship can mainly be acquired by those who are descended from Portuguese parents or grandparents, by marriage or civil union, or by birth in a Portuguese territory. Expatica uses technology such as cookies and scripts to personalize content and ads, provide social media features, and analyze our traffic. By marrying a citizen of Portugal, you can apply for residency and, eventually, citizenship. Portuguese Citizenship via Marriage Citizenship Acquisition and Wish-Effect In general, people acquire Portuguese citizenship in one of three ways: wish-effect, adoption, or naturalization. However, they may apply for Portuguese citizenship after three years of marriage. Application procedure. A South Western European country located on the Atlantic Coast of the Iberian peninsula is a country where citizenship by marriage is practised and fast-tracked. In order to qualify for naturalisation, the applicant must have legally resided in Portugal for at least six year… One of the most attractive options is the ability to apply for permanent residency and citizenship after 5 years without the need to reside in Portugal. Have sufficient knowledge of the Portuguese language (proven with a certificate or test); Have not been convicted of a crime punishable by a jail sentence of three years or more. Finally, specifically for citizens of Portuguese-speaking countries, the Portuguese language test requirement has been removed. Resident VISA for European Union Citizens, The D7 Visa – Portuguese Residence VISA for Pensioners. You don’t need to live in Portugal for this time. There is no set residency limit for gaining citizenship in Portugal through marriage, but the couple must be married for 3 years prior to the application for citizenship. If you later divorce, your citizenship is not revoked. You can also read more in our guide to the Portuguese Golden Visa scheme. Some applicants for citizenship must submit documentary evidence of effective ties to Portugal and/or the Portuguese community, and the State Attorney may oppose the granting of citizenship if such ties are either too few or too weak. No formal residency in Portugal is demanded; however, sufficient knowledge ofthe Portuguese language and active ties with the Portuguese community are still required. Portugal - Passport & Nationality - Portuguese through Marriage. Furthermore, according to the Civil Registry Code marriage is one of the events that is mandatory for Portuguese citizens to register in Portugal - even if living abroad. Passport eligibility depends upon Portuguese citizenship. However, those married to a Portuguese citizen can apply for naturalization more quickly. Please note: WhatPassport.com is a trading name of Philip Gamble and Co. Ltd. Philip Gamble and Co. Ltd is registered in the UK with the Office of the Immigration Service Commissioner (OISC) under No. Not quite. If the marriage took place in the US, it is mandatory to register the marriage in the Portuguese civil registry system. In some cases, your home country may require you to renounce your citizenship before allowing you to take Portuguese nationality. live, work or even retire in other EU member states. Portugal relaxed its citizenship laws in 2006 with the amendment of the Portuguese Nationality Act, approving Portuguese citizenship eligibility for non-EU nationals after six years of residence, while Portuguese citizenship by marriage is available after three years. Gain citizenship through marriage. Portuguese nationality law is the legal set of rules that regulate access to Portuguese citizenship, which is acquired mainly through descent from a Portuguese parent ( mother, father, grandfather ), naturalisation in Portugal or marriage to a Portuguese citizen. You can acquire Portuguese citizenship through marriage after three years of being married to a Portuguese citizen, or three years of legally recognized cohabitation. While residents can stay in Portugal indefinitely by continually renewing their permanent resident, there are certain added Portuguese citizenship benefits to entice foreigners to take on the Portuguese citizenship application process. born in Portuguese territory or abroad to a parent who has acquired Portuguese nationality after the birth of the child; with at least one grandparent of Portuguese nationality who is sufficiently familiar with the Portuguese language; born in Portuguese territory to foreign parents if the child has lived in Portugal for 10 years. By wish effect the acquisition of Portuguese nationality is granted to: * In case of marriage, by means of a statement made during marriage. Civil Union Law . Since 2017 the minimum period of 3 years is suspended in case the couple has Portuguese nationality children. In May, the price to obtain citizenship was cut in half thanks to new “Covid-19 Relief” bonds: Through the end of 2020, it’ll cost $250,000 for an individual and $300,000 for a family of four. I am older than 18 and one of my parents (or both) has Portuguese citizenship. Portuguese nationality law permits foreigners to acquire citizenship by: You can acquire Portuguese citizenship through marriage after three years of marriage to a Portuguese citizen, or three years of cohabitation. Some people become eligible for citizenship through marriage to a Portuguese citizen, some through naturalization, and others through the residency-by-investment program (ARI – Autorização de Residência para Atividade de Investimento), commonly known as the Portugal Golden Visa. By marriage If you are married to a Portuguese citizen you may obtain Portuguese citizenship after five years as long as you make your declaration while you remain married. It is required that the applicant has a connection to Portugal. Moreover, new forms of reacquisition were enacted. However, those married to a Portuguese citizen can apply for naturalization more quickly. Since 2017 the minimum period of 3 years is suspended in case the couple has Portuguese nationality children. Or you can apply for residency, and you need to go to the consulate and apply. When a candidate is married to a Portuguese citizen, a wish-effect is the relevant pathway. You can of course change your mind and withdraw your consent at any time, by returning to this site after clearing the cookies on your computer or device. Gain citizenship through marriage. Certain other categories of foreigners can acquire Portuguese citizenship sooner, such as residents of former Portuguese colonies. Many of the rights given to Portuguese permanent residents are the same as Portuguese citizenship benefits. A Portuguese spouse visa or family visa allows non-EU citizens to join a relative or partner living in Portugal. CITIZENSHIP THROUGH MARRIAGE . Protection of unaccompanied migrant children; As in other EU members states, Portugal has faced an increasing number of unaccompanied children arriving at the borders, especially since 2016. This is a special Portuguese visa program designed to attract foreign investment into Portugal. STILL ON 15 COUNTRIES THAT GRANT CITIZENSHIP BY MARRIAGE . I married a Portuguese citizen and have been married for more than 3 years. Naturalization after six years of residence, Being a citizen of a former Portuguese overseas territory, The Jewish law of return for Sephardic Jews (Portuguese Sephardic citizenship scheme). Dual Citizenship Portugal Allowed. If you divorce or separate at a later date, your Portuguese citizenship will not be revoked. What do I need to do? By marrying a citizen of Portugal, you can apply for residency and, eventually, citizenship. When a candidate is married to a Portuguese citizen, a wish-effect is the relevant pathway. Appointment (In-person at the Consulate), also if you need help in preparing your application and authenticating documents. While the UK remains a member of the EU, British expats can apply for either Portuguese citizenship or Portuguese permanent residence, although whether permanent residence will be sufficient in the future remains to be seen. Portuguese citizenship by marriage - Any person married to a Portuguese citizen for at least five years can obtain Portuguese citizenship by request. Non|EU Citizen A man who make marriage with Portuguese lady then he will have the capacity to apply for Portuguese national for at any rate following 3 year possibly ready to secure Portuguese citizenship by statement. The situation is more straightforward for EU/EFTA citizens; see our guide to Portuguese immigration policy for EU nationals and family. individuals who lost their citizenship through the will of a legal representative, e.g., those whose family moved abroad and took another citizenship when they were children; individuals who have lost their citizenship but never acquired the citizenship of another country; women who lost their citizenship through marriage to a foreign national; those who lost their citizenship by voluntarily acquiring foreign citizenship before the Portuguese Nationality Act of 1981. Fee: If 18 or older, this service is paid. These include people such as: Have a cookie Oops! Example 2. And then your parents could, as the children of now official Portuguese citizen, and then You could, as the child of a now Portuguese citizen. from a Portuguese mother or father born in a Portuguese territory; of a Portuguese mother or father born abroad if the parent is there serving the Portuguese state; of a Portuguese mother or father born abroad if they have their birth registered at the Portuguese civil registry or alternatively if they declare they want to be Portuguese; who was born in Portuguese territory to foreign parents if at least one parent was born in Portugal and resides here at the time of birth; that was born in Portuguese territory to foreign parents if they declare they want to be Portuguese and provided that one parent has resided in Portugal for at least five years at the time of birth; born in Portuguese territory that does not possess another nationality.

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